Characterized by his painterly style and exuberant broad brushstrokes, Dirck van Baburen was a leading member of the Utrecht Caravaggisti–a group of Utrecht artists who moved to Rome in the early seventeenth century, and upon their return, introduced the dramatic chiaroscuro and intense realism of Caravaggio to the North Netherlands. Until around 1620, the opulent mannerist paintings of Joachim Wtewael (1566–1638) and Abraham Bloemaert (1566–1651) prevailed in the predominantly Catholic city of Utrecht, while the progressive Italianate influence since the late sixteenth century had been primarily Venetian.
Books on Dirck van Baburen
Bernd Ebert and Liesbeth M. Helmus eds., Utrecht Caravaggio and Europe, exh. cat., Munich, 2018.
Leen Dekker, Dirck van Baburen, schilder van wereldfaam, exh. cat, Mura, 2017.
Wayne E. Franits, The Paintings of Dirck van Baburen, ca. 1592/93-1624: catalogue raisonné, Philadelphia, 2013.
Joaneath A Spicer and Lynn F. Orr eds., Masters of Light: Dutch painters in Utrecht during the Golden Age, exh. cat., New Haven, 1997.
Cornelis de Bie, Het Gulden Cabinet vande Edel Vry Schilder-Const, 1662, reprint, Antwerp, 1971.