Jacopo Carucci called Pontormo, along with Rosso Fiorentino (1495–1540), was the leading early mannerist painter in Florence. He was both a virtuoso draughtsman and a supreme colorist, whose acid combinations still have the power to amaze. Along with his colleague, Rosso, he shattered the classical balance of his teacher, the “perfect painter” Andrea del Sarto (1486–1530), doyen of modern Florentine painting after the departure of Raphael to Rome. Already by 1515, Pontormo was a successful artist and he was commissioned to produce both altarpieces such as that for Santa Maria Visdomini and such things as ephemeral designs for state pageants, including the grisaille paintings representing Apollo executed to decorate a chariot to be seen in a procession by candlelight.
Books on Pontormo
Carlo Falciani and Antonio Natali, eds., Pontormo and Rosso Fiorentino: Diverging Paths of Mannerism, exh. cat., Florence, 2014.
Elisabetta Marchetti Letta, Pontormo, Rosso Fiorentino, Florence, 1994.
Philippe Costamagna, Pontormo: l’Opera Completa, Milan, 1994.
Giorgio Vasari, The Lives of the Artist, 1550, trans. Julia Conway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella, New York, 2009.