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Giulio Cesare Procaccini

Bologna 1574 - 1625 Milan
Price range
500,000 – 3,000,000 USD
Giulio Cesare Procaccini was a leading representative of the Lombard baroque school. His œuvre illustrates the pivotal moment when Milanese painting shifted away from a superannuated Mannerism to its own brand of Baroque.

Procaccini’s works display a unique hybrid quality, somehow reconciling languages as diverse as the Mannerism of Parmigianino (1503–1540) and Rubens’ (1577–1640) Baroque. He collaborated with Francesco Mazzucchelli (1573–ca.1626) called Morazzone and Giovanni Battista Crespi (ca. 1575–1632) known as Cerano. Together they represented major figures in the propagation of intensely religiose images in Milan at a time of the spiritual revival led by Cardinal Federico Borromeo. His work influenced other contemporaries such as Tanzio da Varallo (1575/80–1632/33) and Daniele Crespi (1597/98–1630).

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Selected artworks

Top 3 auction prices

1,056,877 $
1,134,000 $
1,272,000 $


The sales are: Christie’s London – 5 July 2007 lot 36 (524,000 GBP), Christie’s New York – 31 January 2024 lot 41, and Sotheby’s New York – 25 January 2007 lot 45.
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Related exhibition
Notable Exhibitions

Cremona, Museo Civico Ala Ponzone, Painters of Reality: The Legacy of Leonardo and Caravaggio in Lombardy, 14 February – 2 May 2004; travelled to New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 27 May – 15 August 2004. Curated by Andrea Bayer, Mina Gregori and Ivana Iotta.

Birmingham, City Museums and Art Gallery, Lombard Paintings c. 1595-c.1630: The Age of Federico Borromeo, 1974. Curated by Peter Cannon-Brooks.

Milan, Palazzo Reale, Il Seicento Lombardo, 1973. Curated by Giulio Bora.

Turin, Palazzo Madama, Mostra del Manierismo piemontese e lombardo del Seicento, 6 May – 26 June 1955. Curated by Giovanni Testori.


Books on Giulio Cesare Procaccini

Hugh Brigstocke, Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Turin, 2020.

Nancy Ward Neilson, Giulio Cesare Procaccini: disegnatore, Busto Arsizio, 2003.

Hugh Brigstocke, Procaccini in America, New York, 2002.

Marco Rosci, Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Soncino 1993.

Giacomo Berra, L’Attività Scultorea di Giulio Cesare Procaccini, Milan, 1991.

Hugh Brigstocke, ‘Giulio Cesare Procaccini Reconsidered’ in Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen, vol. 18, 1976, pp. 84–133.

Carlo Cesare Malvasia, Felsina Pittrice: Live of the Bolognese Painters, 1678, trans. ed. Elizabeth Cropper, Washington D.C., 2012.

Further reading
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