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Theodoor Rombouts

Antwerp ca. 1597 - 1637
Price range
0 – 1,000,000 USD
Theodoor Rombouts is the primary Flemish exponent of Caravaggesque painting and his work parallels that of his northern contemporaries from Utrecht.

Rombouts was born in Antwerp and trained with the more classical artist Abraham Jansens (1567–1632) before leaving for Rome in 1616. He is documented there until 1625. He may also have worked for Cosimo II de’Medici in Florence. During his stay in Italy, Rombouts produced a series of lively dramatic scenes indebted to the work of Bartolomeo Manfredi (1582–1622), often depicting Card Players, Fortune Tellers and Musicians in the Roman Caravaggesque manner. His best-known works show horizontal groups, though he also produced single figures of musicians and bravos drinking, possibly intended as allegories of the senses.

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Selected artworks

Top 3 auction prices

186,397 $
269,000 $
299,729 $


The sales are: Hampel Fine Art Auctions – 31 March 2022 lot 308 (168,000 EUR; catalogued as ‘attributed to Theodoor Rombouts’), Christie’s New York – 14 April 2016 lot 116 (by ‘Adriaen van Utrecht and Theodoor Rombouts’), and Sotheby’s London – 3 July 1997 lot 226 (177,500 GBP).
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Books on Theodoor Rombouts

Benedict Nicolson, The International Caravaggesque Movement: lists of pictures by Caravaggio and his followers throughout Europe from 1590 to 1650, Oxford, 1979.

Christine Braet, Theodoor Rombouts (1597-1637): Ein Monographie, Diss. lic. kunstgeschiedenis en oudheidkunde, RU Gent, 1987.

Cornelis de Bie, Het Gulden Cabinet vande Edel Vry Schilder-Const, 1662, reprint, Antwerp, 1971.

Further explore
Discover artists influenced by Caravaggio