Hieronymus van Aken, commonly known as Hieronymus Bosch, is one of the most beloved Northern artists of the late Middle Ages. Bosch’s idiosyncratic paintings exert an unfading fascination and enthralled his public then as much as they do now. His iconographic innovations were immediately admired and his paintings so coveted that an efficient production-line of copies was generated during his own lifetime and afterwards, by his family and followers. His work had a seminal influence on Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525–69) who made designs for engravings in the style of Bosch. Over the centuries, Bosch’s fantastic depictions of religious and moralizing tales caught the imagination of collectors and artists, most notably, the Surrealists of the early 20th century.
* Prices for Follower of Hieronymus Bosch only. No fully attributed painting or drawing by Bosch has been offered in public auction in the last thirty years. Works by the artist have been sold through private channels exclusively.
Books on Hieronymus Bosch
Bosch Research and Conservation Project, Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman: Catalogue raisonné, Brussels, 2016.
Bosch Research and Conservation Project, Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman: Technical Studies, Brussels, 2016.
Matthijs Ilsink and Jos Koldeweij, Jheronimus Bosch: Visions of Genius, exh. cat. Brussels, 2016.
Joseph Leo Koerner, Bosch and Bruegel: From Enemy Painting to Everyday Life, Princeton, 2016.
Pilar Silva Maroto, ed., Bosch: The 5th Century Exhibition, exh. cat. Madrid, 2016.
Cees Nooteboom, A Dark Premonition: Journeys to Hieronymous Bosch, trans. Laura Watkinson, Munich, 2016.
Gary Schwartz, Jheronimus Bosch: The Road to Heaven and Hell, London, 2016.
Stefan Fischer, Hieronymus Bosch: The Complete Works, Cologne, 2013.
Fritz Koreny, Gabriele Bartz, and Erwin Pokorny, Hieronymus Bosch: die Zeichnungen. Werkstatt und Nachfolge bis zum Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts, Turnhout, 2012.
Reindert Falkenburg, The Land of Unlikeness: Hieronymus Bosch, The Garden of Earthly Delight, Zwolle, 2011.
Erwin Panofsky, Early Netherlandish Painting – Its Origins and Character, 2 vols. Cambridge (MA), 1953.