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Hieronymus Bosch

's-Hertogenbosch ca. 1453 - 1516
Price range
3,000,000 USD +
Hieronymus Bosch is one of the most beloved Northern European Old master artists, whose fantastic depictions of religious and moralizing tales have captured the imagination of collectors and artists for centuries, most notably, the Surrealists of the early 20th century.

Hieronymus van Aken, commonly known as Hieronymus Bosch, is one of the most beloved Northern artists of the late Middle Ages. Bosch’s idiosyncratic paintings exert an unfading fascination and enthralled his public then as much as they do now. His iconographic innovations were immediately admired and his paintings so coveted that an efficient production-line of copies was generated during his own lifetime and afterwards, by his family and followers. His work had a seminal influence on Pieter Bruegel the Elder (1525–69) who made designs for engravings in the style of Bosch. Over the centuries, Bosch’s fantastic depictions of religious and moralizing tales caught the imagination of collectors and artists, most notably, the Surrealists of the early 20th century.

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Selected Artworks

Top 3 auction prices

723,706 $
850,000 $
902,500 $


Prices for “Follower of Hieronymus Bosch” only – no fully attributed painting or drawing by Bosch has been offered in public auction in the last thirty years; works by the artist have been sold through private channels exclusively. The sales are: Sotheby’s London – 9 Jul 2014 lot 6 (422,500 GBP), Sotheby’s New York – 28 Jan 2016 lot 8, Christie’s New York – 30 Jan 2013 lot 113. Updated 18th March 2024.
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Further explore
Notable exhibitions

‘S-Hertogenbosch, Het Noordbrabants Museum, Hieronymus Bosch, Visions of Genius / Bosch. The Fifth Centenary Exhibition, 13 February – 8 May 2016; travelled to Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 31 May – 25 September 2016. Curated by Matthijs Ilsink, Jos Koldeweij and Pilar Silva.

Leuven, M Leuven, Hieronymus Cock: The Renaissance in Print, 14 March – 9 June 2013; travelled to Paris, Institut Néerlandais, 18 September – 15 December 2013. Curated by Joris van Grieken, Ger Luijten, and Jan Van der Stock.

Hamburg, Bucerius Kunst Forum, Schrecken und Lust: die Versuchung des heiligen Antonius von Hieronymus Bosch bis Max Ernst, 9 February – 18 May 2008. Curated by Michael Philipp and Ortrud Westheider.

‘S-Hertogenbosch, Het Noordbrabants Museum, Jheronimus Bosch, 17 September – 15 November 1967. Curated by K.G. Boon.

Rotterdam, Museum Boymans, Jeroen Bosch, Noord-Nederlandsche primitieven, 10 July – 15 October 1936.


Books on Hieronymus Bosch

Bosch Research and Conservation Project, Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman: Catalogue raisonné, Brussels, 2016.

Bosch Research and Conservation Project, Hieronymus Bosch, Painter and Draughtsman: Technical Studies, Brussels, 2016.

Matthijs Ilsink and Jos Koldeweij, Jheronimus Bosch: Visions of Genius, exh. cat. Brussels, 2016.

Joseph Leo Koerner, Bosch and Bruegel: From Enemy Painting to Everyday Life, Princeton, 2016.

Pilar Silva Maroto, ed., Bosch: The 5th Century Exhibition, exh. cat. Madrid, 2016.

Cees Nooteboom, A Dark Premonition: Journeys to Hieronymous Bosch, trans. Laura Watkinson, Munich, 2016.

Gary Schwartz, Jheronimus Bosch: The Road to Heaven and Hell, London, 2016.

Stefan Fischer, Hieronymus Bosch: The Complete Works, Cologne, 2013.

Fritz Koreny, Gabriele Bartz, and Erwin Pokorny, Hieronymus Bosch: die Zeichnungen. Werkstatt und Nachfolge bis zum Ende des 16. Jahrhunderts, Turnhout, 2012.

Reindert Falkenburg, The Land of Unlikeness: Hieronymus Bosch, The Garden of Earthly Delight, Zwolle, 2011.

Erwin Panofsky, Early Netherlandish Painting – Its Origins and Character, 2 vols. Cambridge (MA), 1953.

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