Cosimo, backed by Spain, was created Grand Duke in 1537, and in opposition to the republican ideals of Florence instituted a benign autocracy whose authoritarian character is often seen as reflected in the cool formality of Bronzino’s portraits. However, the artist was far more than a portrait specialist and achieved equal renown through his religious and mythological paintings.
Books on Bronzino
Liana Cheney, ed., Agnolo Bronzino: The Muse of Florence, Washington D.C., 2014.
Carlo Falciani and Antonio Natali, eds., Bronzino: Pittore e Poeta alla Corte dei Medici, Florence, 2010.
Charles MacCorquodale, Bronzino, London, 2005.
Giorgio Vasari, The Lives of the Artist, 1550, trans. Julia Conway Bondanella and Peter Bondanella, New York, 2009.